Turbocharger: Function and maintenance
What is it?
Invented in 1905 by Alfred Büchi, a Swiss inventor, the turbocharger, more commonly called the turbo, improves an engine’s performance, thanks to the compression of a larger volume of air going into the engine. Mounted on certain types of engines, it has the role of increasing the volumetric power.
How does that work?
One part of the energy of the exhaust gases is recuperated to drive turbine no. 1, linked by a central shaft and mounted, most often, on a hydraulic bearing or roller, on turbine no. 2, charged with compressing the air going into the intake. This process allows a greater inflow of air. This pressurised air is regulated by a valve, situated at the exhaust, called a wastegate or relief valve. The air, heated during its compression, is then cooled thanks to an exchanger called an intercooler.
The variable geometry turbocharger has been available for some time. It allows a reduction in the response time, called “lag” and increases the engine’s performance at all speeds.
What are the symptoms of a clogged turbo?
The turbocharger, placed on the exhaust manifold, is in contact with the exhaust gases, as well as the carbon of which it consists. Over the long term, the turbo clogs up, causing:
- Loss of performance and power
- Engine cutting out
- Lags in acceleration
- A sluggish engine
- Lights on at the dashboard
- Working in a degraded manner, etc.
How can you avoid the turbocharger clogging?
Replacing the turbo is a long and costly operation: up to £2000!
Opt instead for de-scaling with FlexFuel Energy Development® hydrogen injection!
Thanks to their innovative process, using the solvent power of hydrogen after combustion, Hy-Calamine and Hy-Carbon Connect permit the elimination of any carbon present in your turbo. Your engine will regain all its performance since leaving the factory gates!